(The study is based primarily on the NIV (New International Version - quotes in pink) and the TLB (The Living Bible - quotes in blue).
Gen 1:1 In the beginning God created the heavens and
the earth. 2 Now the earth was formless and empty, darkness was over the
surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was hovering over the waters.
The difference between the situation in verses 1 & 2 seems to indicate that two stages were involved, a First Creation and a Re-Creation.
In verse 2 the situation had changed from completeness to
"Now the earth was formless and empty, darkness
was over the surface of the deep." It indicates that something
had happened that turned the earth into a formless mass cloaked in
darkness "down there," away from God's light - indicated by, "the surface
of the deep."
"...the Spirit of God brooding over the dark vapors
" (TLB) tells us more about the cloak around the earth
than the NIV's version, "...the Spirit of God was
hovering over the waters." The NIV's version,
"waters," is too neutral and contradicts
the real situation sketched by the TLB: "a shapeless,
chaotic mass," cloaked in "dark
vapors" that could be oozing from the chaotic mass. The dark vapors
must also have caused the darkness on earth, that God removed to make it
possible to have light and darkness as we know it.
With, "And there was evening, and there was morning--the
first day," God set the trend for the time to come, that a day starts
and ends in the evening - until he changes it again, as in the New
"...the Spirit of God was hovering
over the waters" provides vital information about God: that he
is a person with a spirit who is always present and available to perform
God's [physical and spiritual] works.
The Spirit is also responsible for the "re-creation," "REBIRTH," of man, after which he dwells in us to lead us, to perform God's works in and through us. And, what's of utmost importance, rendering us more creative and productive.
In other words, God says (it), and the Spirit does it: Gen 1:14 And God said, "Let there be lights in the expanse of the sky to separate the day from the night, and let them serve as signs to mark seasons and days and years, 15 and let them be lights in the expanse of the sky to give light on the earth." And it was so. NIV
All Three persons of Elohim [body, soul & spirit] took part in creation, viz. "The spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters." Then we read for each creative act of God, "and God said"; this speaks of the Word, the Son of God. Paul says of the Son: Col 1:15 He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn over all creation. 16 For by Him all things were created that are in heaven and that are on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or principalities or powers. All things were created through Him and for Him. 17 And He is before all things, and in Him all things consist. NKJV (See also Refs/Messiah#Word)
In fact, Messiah was the Creator and the spiritual
"Light" vs. the "darkness" the unsaved walk in:
Heb 1:10 God also called him "Lord" when he said, "Lord,
in the beginning you made the earth, and the heavens are the work of your
Creation of Living Creatures
Up to Gen 1:25 God recounts his creation of creatures in the waters, air
and on land. Then he got to creating a being in his image, OUR image, that
tells us that he is multiple and that the being he will create will consist
of the same persons: Gen 1:26 Then
God said, "Let us make man in our image, in our likeness,
God(s) (Elohim), creating man in their image shows that man didn't "evolve" from lower beings, but was created without any change from then until now. Obviously, there has been superficicial sideway evolvement of man to adapt to environment.
In associating himself so closely with man, God also sets himself apart from
the newage premise of "God is in everything." His Spirit is, of course,
everywhere, but dwells in men, and that only when God allows it. This is
clear from king David's plea:
Similarly, man's spirit is also specie specific: Eccl 3:21 Who knows if the spirit of man rises upward and if the spirit of the animal goes down into the earth? NIV
Gen 2:7 the LORD God formed the man from the dust of
the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man
became a living being. NIV
Women: Gen 2:18 The LORD
God said, "It is not good for the man to be alone. I will make a helper suitable
for him." ...20 So the man gave names to all the livestock, the birds of
the air and all the beasts of the field.
5:32 Noah: Noah was 500 years old and had three sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth.