Was Allah the moon god of Ancient Arab Paganism?
by Syed Kamran Mirza
|Historical evidence, impartial logic, well
versed references and all available circumstantial
judgments can very well prove that,
(a) Allah as a name of deity
existed much before the arrival of Islam,
(b) Pre-Islamic Pagan peoples worshipped Allah as their supreme deity
Allahs name existed in pre-Islamic Arab [history].
In ancient Arab the Allah was considered to be the supreme god/deity (as
moon-god) and Arab Pagans worshipped Allah before Islam arrived.
|Let us examine below some valid
questions and answers:
|Did the Pagan Arabs in pre-Islamic times worship
|Did the pagans Arabs worship the sun, moon and
|Did the Arabs built temples to the Moon-god?
|Did different Arab tribes give the Moon-god
|What were some of the names/titles? Sin, Hubul,
|Was the title al-ilah (the
god) used as the Moon-god?
|Was the word Allah derived from
|Was the pagan Allah a high god in
a pantheon of deities?
|Was he worshipped at the Kabah?
|Was Allah only one of many Meccan gods?
|Did they place a statue of Hubul on top of the
|At that time was Hubul considered the Moon-god?
|Was the Kabah thus the house of the
|Did the name Allah eventually replace
that of Hubul as the name of the Moon god?
|Did they call the Kabah the house of
|Were al-Lat, al-Uzza and Manat called the
daughters of Allah?
(Lat, Uzza and Manat were known as the daughters of god
|Did the Quran at one point tell Muslims
to worship al-Lat, al-Uzza and Manat?
(In Surah 53:19-20)
|Have those verses been abrogated
out of the present Quran?
Why were they called The Satanic
The variable names (Sin, Hubul, llumquh,
Al-ilah) of moon god were used by various tribes of pagan Arabs. Pagan god
SIN was the name of the Moon-god.
|Who is Allah really
According to Islamic Theologians (Mullahs, Maulana,
Moulavis, etc.), or Islamic teachings-- Allah is the supreme god or creator
who (suddenly one day?) talked or introduced Himself with Prophet Muhammad
through an Angel named Gabriel, disclosing the truth that it is the Allah
who created everything in the universe. Surprisingly, Quran never defines
the word Allah as to who actually Allah was or what was the relation
of Allah with pagans. I believe, 99% percent of Muslims do believe
thatAllahs name was invented or started right from the time when
Gabriel disclosed the truth (?) to Prophet Muhammad in the cave of Hira Parvat
(Mountain) and gave Muhammad the Quran. They believe that before this truth
was revealedpagan Arabs were in the total darkness (Andhakar Zuug)
and they used to worship various puppet gods and that the pagans were very
evil people. I can bet on this fact that no mullahs ever told us the real
truth, neither they believe this clean truth that Allah was in
fact a pre-existing deity in pagan Arabia. What a hypocrisy?
|Some important factors which will
suggest that the nameAllah was already in use by Pagans as their
In pre-Islamic days, that Muslims call the Days of
ignorance, the religious background of the Arabs was pagan, and basically
animistic. Through Moon, Sun, Stars, Planets, Animals, wells, trees, stones,
caves, springs, and other natural objects man could make contact with the
deity. At Mekka, Allah was the chief of the gods and the
special deity of the Quraish, the prophets tribe. Allah had three
daughters: Al Uzzah (Venus) most revered of all and pleased with human sacrifice;
Manah, the goddess of destiny, and Al Lat, the goddess of vegetable life.
These three daughters of Allah (there is a Quranic verse about them) were
considered very powerful over all things. Therefore, their intercessions
on behalf of their worshippers were of great significance.
Arabs used to give their children names such
asAbdullah (slave of Allah). Clean proof was the fact that,
Muhammads fathers name was Abdullah. Logical analogy
here ishad there been no Allah in pre-Islamic Arab, there
could be no Abdullah or slave of Allah in Arabia.
||Even today, in the entire Arab World, not only
Muslims but all other non-Muslim (Jews, Christians, Sabians, Bahai, an atheist
etc.) Arabs saysYa Allah as the expression of surprise
||Albert Houranis statement: The Islamic
name used for God was Allah, which was already in use for one
of the local gods (it now used by Arabic-speaking Jews and Christians as
the name of God (A history Of Arab people by Albert Hourani, 1991, page-16,
Belknap press of Harvard University, USA)
History tells us two theories of Allahs
existence in and around the Kaba Sharif: (1) Pagans used to call the largest
Statue amongst the 360 deities as ALLAHwhom they used to consider
the chief/supreme deity (god). Or, (2) Pagan Arabs used to worship 360 deities
inside Kaba Sharif, and they used to consider them different smaller deities
under the total control of a single most powerful chief deity called
ALLAH who was invisible (Nirakar) and was the all-powerful,
all-knowing, and totally unknowable.
Amazing Similarities with Hindu
In Indias Hindu religion is quite similar to
the number two theory (above) of pagan belief. Although, Hindus worship many
different godsthey invariably have faith upon a single supreme invisible
deity called Bhagaban (some call it Ischhaar)
whom they call Nirakar. And, surprisingly there is no sculptural
image/figure for this Bhagaban. But all Hindus worship Him along with other
numerous deities. This Bhagaban is considered as the lord of all other deities.
What would happenif some intelligent prophet would have asked Hindus
to give up worshipping other gods and keeping only Bhagaban as their only
deity making it a monotheist religion just like Islam? Could it not be another
religion like Islam?
Now some factors which will suggest
Allah was the Moon-god of Arab pagans:
In Quran there are at least a dozen verses
in which Allah repeatedly swears by the names such as moon, sun, stars, planets,
night, wind etc. It is a mystery why the creator Allah (?) should swear by
his creations. Normally, we swear by the name of something much superior
to us, such as we swear by God or by the name of our father (who is considered
senior or superior to us). But we never swear by the name of something inferior
to us. Here in the Quran swearing fashions of Allah (God) by moon or stars
hinting us that Allah considered these things superior to himself. And this
makes us to think (otherwise) as to who actually acted as Allah in Quran?
However, in his explanation of why the Quran swears by the moon in
Surah 74:32, Nay, verily by the Moon, Yusuf Alli comments,
The moon was worshipped as a deity in times of darkness
(fn. 5798, pg. 1644). Perhaps, this swearing of Allah was due to the
usual/cultural habits of worshipping moon as their God in pagan customs.
Yousuf Ali stated (Page-1921-1623 of his English
Translation of Holy Quran):
Moon-worship was equally popular in various forms, viz. Apollo and
Dianathe twin brother and sister, representing the sun and moon.
the Vedic religion of India the moon god was Soma, the lord of the
.moon was male divinity in ancient India. Moon was also
male divinity in ancient Semitic religion, and the Arabic word for the moon
qamar is of the masculine gender, on the other hand, the Arabic
word for sun shams is feminine gender. The pagan Arabs evidently
looked upon the sun as a goddess and the moon as a god.
The Pagan deities best known in the Kaba and round about Mecca were
Lat, Uzza, and Manat.
the 360 idols established by the Pagans in the
Kaba probably represented the 360 days of an inaccurate solar year.
This was the actual modern pagan worship as known to the Quraish contemporary
with our prophet
Influence of Moon in Islam:
Who can deny the paramount influences of moon in Muslims life? In Islam,
moon is considered holiest astronomical object, and moon is the guiding light
of all Islamic rituals/festivals. Contradictions and conflicts are very common
with the dates of Eids and Ramadan and obviously it is a chronic problem
and moon is the nucleus of this problem. Crescent moon and stars are the
symbolic sign in the national flags of many Muslim countries, and it is present
over the Mosques, in the Muslim graveyard etc.
Prophet Muhammad compromised to Pagans to
establish Islam in Arabia:
Prophet Muhammad did his clever tactics of adapting
many rites of paganism into Islam, in order to accommodate Islam among the
pagan Arabs. He made lots of political pacts with the Pagan Leaders such
as Abu Suffian to accommodate his new idea of religion and he agreed to
incorporate many of the Pagan rituals in Islam. Prophet Muhammad asked the
pagans to worship only the Allah the largest god,
And destroy the idols of all other gods and goddesses
that existed in Kabah. To establish oneness (monotheist) of God, he repeatedly
asked them not to make any partners to Allah (That is why we can find
hundreds of Quranic verses asking not to make any partners to Allah).
Finally, the Prophet was able to convince (by force of course) the pagans
to destroy all idols, and on return (he) agreed (perhaps) to keep the
Names of the goddess of most famous Pagan tribes as the alternative
names of Allahhence Islam has 99 NAMES of Allah.
Prophet Muhammad did command his followers to participate
in these pagan ceremonies while the pagans were still in control of Mecca.
(Please See Yusuf Ali, fn. 214, pg. 78). ... the whole of the [pagan]
pilgrimage was spiritualized in Islam... (Yusuf Ali: fn. 223 pg.
80). In the Tafsir (of Quran-2:200) maoulana Yousuf Ali stated: After
Pilgrimage, in Pagan times, the pilgrims used to gather in assemblies in
which the praises of ancestors were sung. As the whole of the pilgrimage
rites were spiritualized in Islam, so this aftermath of the Pilgrimage was
also spiritualized. It was recommended for pilgrims to stay on two or
three days after the pilgrimage, but they must use them in prayer and praise
to God.(#223 of Shanenazul by Maoulana Yousuf Ali, page-81)
In Islam many rituals performed (today) by devoted
Muslims in the name of Allah are connected to the pagan worship that existed
before Islam. Pagans practices of the Pilgrimage of Kabah once a year--the
Fast of Ramadan, running around the Kabah seven times, kissing the black
stone, shaving the head, animal sacrifices, running up and down two hills,
throwing stones at the devil, snorting water in and out the nose, praying
several times a day toward Mecca, giving alms, Friday prayers, etc. are strictly
followed by Muslims today. Nobody can deny the fact that, all the above rituals
of Muslims hajj todayexisted well before the arrival of Islam.
It is highly plausible to consider the fact that
by incorporating much of the Pagans rituals in new religion
IslamProphet successfully reduced the pagan-risk and it was perhaps
one of the most important milestone-attempts to conquer the minds of Pagans
resulting in massive breakdown of the Pagans moral and support to oppose
The central shrine at Mekka was the Pagans
Kaaba (called House of Allah), a cube like stone structure which still
stands though many times rebuilt. Imbedded in one corner is the black stone,
probably a meteorite, the kissing of which is now an essential part of
the Muslims pilgrimage.
It is the historical fact that the Kaaba, the
sacred shrine which contains the Black Stone, in Mecca was used for pagan
idol worship before Islam and even called the House of Allah at that time.
The name of the god whom the Arabs worshipped was the god of
pantheonAli-ilah the god, the supreme, the predeterminer of
everybodys life or destinythe chief god
Who did not read the story of BLACK STONE
which was very sacred (povitra) to all various tribes of Quraish.
When one day this sacred stone was needed to transfer from one place to another,
there was a quarrel amongst the various tribes, as to who will carry that
sacred stone? Then most intelligent and righteous young boy Muhammad (was
not a prophet then) invented the solution of this serious problem. He (Muhammad)
put this sacred stone over a Chaddor (piece of cloth) and asked one
representative from each tribe to hold the Chaddor and carry the stone. I
narrated this story briefly just to prove thatblack stone did exist
long before Islam was invented.
In summary, it has been truthfully and logically
proven with all possible available circumstantial evidences/rational that,
Islam was not a new religion but it is a reformed paganism. I believe that
all these monotheistic religions have more or less similar origins. This
idea of monotheistic religion was not a brand new invention. Monotheistic
thought was declared by Ancient Pharaoh Kings, Mesopotamias king Hamarubi
(3000 B.C.), and Alexander the Great (300 B.C.). Differences were, these
kings demanded that they themselves were the god whom everybody should worship.
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the Belknap press of Harvard University press, Cambridge, Massachusetts,
Dr. Robert Morey, 1996 Research and Education
Gilchrist, The Temple, The Kaaba, and the Christ
(Benoni, South Africa, 1980), p. 16.
G. J. O. Moshay, Who Is This Allah?, (Dorchester
House, Bucks, UK, 1994), pg. 138
Ibn Warraq, Why I Am Not A Muslim, (Prometheus, Amherst,
1995) p. 42.
Encyclopedia of Islam, eds. Lewis, Menage, Pellat,
Schacht (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1971, II:1093.)
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and Rachel Storm, Lorenz Books, New York 10011, Anness Publishing Limited
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cataloging-in-publication data, 6th edition, 1